What is a Peel When Making Pizza?

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When it comes to making the perfect pizza, there are several key components that contribute to the overall success of the dish. One such component is the pizza peel. But what exactly is a peel and why is it important in the pizza-making process? In this article, we will delve into the world of pizza peels, exploring their different types, how to use them effectively, and answer some frequently asked questions. So let’s get started and uncover the secrets behind the pizza peel!

What is a Pizza Peel?

A pizza peel is a necessary tool used in the art of pizza making. It is essentially a flat, shovel-like instrument that is used to transfer the pizza to and from the oven. The peel is typically made of wood, metal, or a composite material and is designed to withstand the high temperatures of the oven while ensuring the safe handling of the pizza. Without a pizza peel, it would be nearly impossible to achieve that perfect, crispy crust that we all crave.

Types of Pizza Peels

When it comes to pizza peels, there are a few different types available in the market. Each type has its own advantages and considerations, catering to different preferences and needs.

1. Wooden Pizza Peels

Wooden pizza peels are the traditional choice for many pizza enthusiasts. They are known for their natural aesthetic appeal and rustic charm. Wooden peels also offer a distinct advantage when it comes to sliding the pizza onto the oven surface, as the dough tends to stick less to wood than to other materials. However, it is important to note that wooden peels require proper maintenance to prevent warping or splitting and should be seasoned regularly to maintain their quality.

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2. Metal Pizza Peels

Metal pizza peels, often made from aluminum or stainless steel, provide a durable and lightweight option. They are easy to clean and maintain, making them a popular choice in professional kitchens. Metal peels also conduct heat more efficiently, allowing for a quicker and more even baking process. However, it is crucial to use a thin layer of flour or cornmeal to prevent the dough from sticking to the metal surface.

3. Composite Pizza Peels

Composite pizza peels are a newer addition to the pizza peel family. These peels are typically made from a combination of materials, such as wood and plastic or wood and fiberglass. They offer the benefits of both wooden and metal peels, providing a lightweight yet sturdy option. Composite peels are also resistant to moisture, making them less likely to warp or crack over time. They are a great choice for those seeking a balance between traditional and modern features.

How to Use a Pizza Peel

Using a pizza peel effectively is essential for achieving that perfect pizza crust. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you master the art of using a pizza peel:

  1. Prepare your pizza: Roll out your pizza dough on a lightly floured surface and add your desired toppings.

  2. Prepare your peel: Dust your pizza peel with flour or cornmeal to prevent sticking.

  3. Transfer the pizza: Gently slide the peel under the pizza, making sure it is centered and balanced.

  4. Shake and slide: Give the peel a gentle shake to ensure the pizza is not sticking. Slide the peel back and forth to loosen the pizza from the peel.

  5. Transfer to the oven: Carefully slide the pizza onto a preheated pizza stone or baking sheet in the oven. Use quick, smooth motions to avoid any mishaps.

  6. Bake and monitor: Keep an eye on the pizza as it bakes, ensuring it doesn’t burn. Use the peel to rotate the pizza if necessary for even cooking.

  7. Retrieve the pizza: Once the pizza is cooked to perfection, slide the peel back under the pizza and gently lift it out of the oven.

  8. Serve and enjoy: Transfer the pizza to a cutting board or serving tray, slice it up, and indulge in the deliciousness!

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q: What size of pizza peel should I choose?

A: The size of the pizza peel you choose depends on the size of your pizza. It is recommended to select a peel that is at least 2 inches larger than the diameter of your pizza to provide enough space for maneuvering.

Q: Can I use a pizza peel for other baking purposes?

A: While pizza peels are primarily designed for pizzas, they can also be used for various other baking purposes. They can come in handy when transferring bread, pastries, or even cookies to and from the oven.

Q: How do I clean and maintain a pizza peel?

A: Cleaning and maintaining your pizza peel is crucial to ensure its longevity. For wooden peels, avoid soaking them in water and instead wipe them clean with a damp cloth. Metal and composite peels can be washed with mild soap and warm water. Regularly oiling wooden peels will help prevent cracking and keep them in excellent condition.


In conclusion, a pizza peel plays a significant role in the art of pizza making. It allows for easy and safe transfer of the pizza to and from the oven, contributing to that perfect crust we all desire. Whether you opt for a traditional wooden peel, a lightweight metal peel, or a modern composite peel, understanding how to use it effectively will elevate your pizza-making game. So, next time you prepare a homemade pizza, remember the importance of the pizza peel and savor the delicious results it helps achieve!

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